Vera Malowaniec Master of Science Univ. Stephan Möndel Bachelor of Arts B. Team Bopfingen Julia Engel Finanzbuchführung. Tristan Schüle Master of Arts M. Felix Sättele Bachelor of Arts B. Anna Stirner Bachelor of Arts B. Team Heidenheim Petra Abele Projektassistenz. Elena Kochanov Bachelor of Arts B. The title and authority of Elector Palatine were subsumed into the Electorate of Bavaria, Charles Theodore and his heirs retaining only the single vote and precedence of the Bavarian elector.
They continued to use the title "Count Palatine of the Rhine" German: Pfalzgraf bei Rhein , Latin: Charles Theodore's heir, Maximilian Joseph, Duke of Zweibrücken on the French border , brought all the Wittelsbach territories under a single rule in The Palatinate was dissolved in the Wars of the French Revolution.
First, its left bank territories were occupied, and then annexed, by France starting in ; then, in , its right bank territories were taken by the Margrave of Baden. The Rhenish Palatinate, as a distinct territory, disappeared. In , the Holy Roman Empire was abolished, and all the rights and responsibilities of the electors with it.
In , Baden was raised to a grand duchy and parts of the former Palatinate including Mannheim became part of the new grand duchy. At the Congress of Vienna in and , the left-bank Palatinate was restored and enlarged by mediatisation consuming the former Bishopric of Speyer , the free imperial city of Speyer , and others up to the new border with France, and given temporarily to the Hapsburgs. After this time, it was this new region that was principally known as the Palatinate.
The right-bank Palatinate remained with Baden , which had acquired it during the mediatisation. In , the Palatinate became a formal part of the Wittelsbach Kingdom of Bavaria in a pre-arranged exchange for Tirol , which Bavaria ceded to Hapsburg Austria.
The area remained a part of Bavaria until after the Second World War , when it was separated and became a part of the new state of Rhineland-Palatinate , along with former left bank territories of Prussia and Hesse-Darmstadt.
In Conrad of Hohenstaufen , brother of emperor Frederick Barbarossa became count palatine. The old coat of arms of the House of Hohenstaufen, the single lion, became coat of arms of the palatinate.
By marriage, the Palatinate's arms also became quartered with those of Welf and later Wittelsbach. This was extended to quartering of the lion and the Bavarian Arms upon the ascension of Maximilian I to the position of elector of the Palatinate in , used concurrently with the arms shown. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Electorate of the Palatinate. This article includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.
Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. August Learn how and when to remove this template message. Map of the different Oberämter of the Electoral Palatinate in Thirty Years' War and Palatinate campaign. Holy Roman Empire portal. Retrieved 29 Nov Regionalgeschichte-fundiert und kompakt in German First ed. Erneuertes und vermehrtes Wappenbuch.. Part I Table 2. Archived from the original on Since then Offenburg has been constantly developing, both in size, inhabitants and prosperity.
Between and eleven adjacent villages were incorporated into the commune of Offenburg and are now an integral part of the city. Owing to its favourable geographic situation Offenburg has been lying at the crossroads of important lines of communication that can be traced back to Roman times.
Two major federal roads, B 3 and B 33, intersect at Offenburg. Since the arrival of the railways from Mannheim in , Offenburg had developed into a railway center during the 19th and earlier part of the 20th century. However, since the privatization of the Deutsche Bundesbahn and the ensuing restructuring of the Deutsche Bahn AG which subsequently led to the shut down of the railway workshops the operations in Offenburg have considerably shrunk in size.
Offenburg airfield EDTO has been used for flying purposes since and has received a paved runway in It is owned by the municipality. However, since its decommissioning and declassification in the s, the metre asphalt runway is only available to resident aeroclubs and to aircraft that have obtained prior permission from the operator.
Airports in the vicinity are: Both, Lahr and Baden-Söllingen had formerly been used by the Canadian Forces in Europe and became available for civil use after the end of the Cold War.
The combination of an abundance of three well-equipped airports close by, the ever-growing noise sensitivity of residents as well as the necessity for commercial development areas has in revived discussions to shut down the aerodrome completely. Offenburg has a rich trade and manufacturing sector and is home to a number of well-known brands, e.
The most important single company however, is Hubert Burda Media , one of Germany's most influential publishing companies. The expansion of Burda's printing business after World War II has been the most significant factor to the development of the local economy after Apart from the primary and secondary schools that are within the responsibility of several public bodies, Offenburg houses a diverse number of educational institutions.
Offenburg is also home to the University of Applied Sciences Offenburg. The club is one of the most successful amateur football clubs in Germany. Offenburg is twinned with:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.