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Indian rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis. Also known as Asian one-horned rhinoceros, great Indian one-horned rhinoceros, greater one-horned rhinoceros. Size Head-body length of male: Javan rhinoceros Rhinoceros sondaicus.
Black rhinoceros Diceros bicornis. Sumatran rhinoceros Dicerorhinus sumatrensis. Indian rhinoceros biology Except for females with young 5 , Indian rhinos are mostly solitary animals 2 5. Common scarlet-darter Crocothemis erythraea. Unlike most large mammals, habitat loss has not been a significant factor in the decline of rhinos.
Rather, poaching for their horn has decimated rhino populations. As early as the 5th century B. It was not until the s that rhinos declined dramatically, due to a surprising cause: Young men in the Arab country of Yemen covet rhino horn for elaborately-carved dagger handles, symbols of wealth and status in that country.
Until the s, few men could afford these prized dagger handles. The result was a seven-fold increase in the per capita income in Yemen, a rise in wealth that made rhino horn dagger handles within the reach of almost everyone. The value of rhino horn made it enormously profitable to poach rhinos and sell them on the black market.
Just like poaching for elephant ivory, poaching for rhino horn is simply too profitable for many subsistence farmers and herders to resist. The ban on trade in rhino horns has not been very successful, however. A thriving black market in rhino horn has continued. In , the United States threatened to ban legal imports of wildlife from China, which has a large wildlife trade with the United States, if China did not start taking measures to stop illegal wildlife trade.
In response, China made it illegal to sell, buy, trade, or transport rhino horns and tiger bones. Illegal stockpiles of rhino horns and tiger bones remain, however. Rhinos live in some of the same African parks and reserves that provide habitat for elephants. Protection of elephant habitat was not enough. Protohippus simus , Slender 1-toed horse.
Pliohippus pernix , Stout 1-toed horse. Aepycamelus , Giraffe-like camel. Protolabis heterodontus , Llama-like camel. Procamelus grandis , Ancestral camel. First skeletons uncovered in Rhino Barn from the barrel-bodied rhinoceros Teleoceras major.
Students Amy Allison and Melissa Mestl discover skeleton of sabre-toothed deer Longirostromeryx and meticulously reveal evidence of soft tissue preservation muscle in neck and leg, visceral content. With excavations in the Rhino Barn nearing completion, a third Longirostromeryx partial skeleton is revealed.